Most of the spooler crashes in a Windows PC are caused due to bad printer drivers installed in the OS. The spooler operates as a service that manages print jobs. It loads the printer driver code into the registry of a running print spooler service elsewhere. This means a crash of the driver code will interrupt not just the present print job but the spooler also or all print queues in the spooler thereby affecting all of the printers in the network.
Follow the below steps to make the reliability of the print spooler service better or augment the stability of rendering of print queues from servers to remote systems in a client-server based environment. Ensuring smooth running of spooler and its associated codes is a must to ensure productive network printing.
Most of the codes in a printer driver are responsible to render or rasterize a print job into printing languages like PostScript, PCL, and so forth. Henceforth, driver bugs tend to exist mostly in such command languages. The rendering of print jobs can be transferred from server systems to workstations by disabling Advanced Printing Features from the driver Properties. This will improve the stability of the server as if spooler crashes exist in the rendering code of the driver.
Although it is connected to the network, since printer drivers are not shared into the workstation PC, turning off the said feature can make a spooler crash exclusive to a workstation and not like a server system, which becomes a single point of failure if spooler crashes.
Partitioning problem printer drivers to an entirely different server is an effective strategy to limit the point of failure in DCE. Larger computing environments at an office setup may consider advanced methods than that like server clustering or splitting the server load throughout multiple server systems.
All of such methods negate the single point of failure and makes sure that a failure in a server may not have to affect the user systems and associated services running on the network. For instance, a spooler crash in a print server that hosts wide-format devices of an administration department not affecting the servers thereof, which hosts standard format laser printers in some of the other departments.